Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense digunakan untuk menerangkan peristiwa yang terjadi beberapa saat yang lalu atau masa lampau. Biasanya, past tense disertai dengan waktu yang jelas, misalnya yesterday, last week, a few minutes ago, two years ago, this morning, dll.

Struktur kalimat:

Subjek + Verba II + Objek

Contoh:

I saw Darya two years ago.

She went to the party last night.

She bought a ring the day before yesterday.

He worked hard last Monday.

They got married in 2022.

Jika kalimat tidak menggunakan kata kerja/verba, kita gunakan was dan were

Subjek + was/were + ...

I

was

He
She
It
You were
They
We

I was sick yesterday.

He was busy last Thursday.

It was cloudy yesterday afternoon.

We were at home last night.

They were here this morning.

Kalimat Tanya

Menggunakan Did

Did + Subjek + Infinitive + Objek

Did you see Darya yesterday?
Did she go to the party last night?
Did she buy a bag the day before yesterday?

What/where/when/why/who/how + did + Subjek + Infinitive + Objek

What did you do this morning?
Wht did he eat yesterday?
When did they get married?
When did Mr. Abdullah die?
Where did they study Japanese?
Who did she visit?
Why did you come late yesterday?
Why did he leave his girlfriend?
How much money did you spend last night?

Tidak menggunakan Did

What/where/when/why/who/how + Verba II + Objek

Who told you that?
What made her happy yesterday?
What happened to her?

Menggunakan Was/Were

Was/Were + subjek + ..

Was I here yesterday?
Was he busy last week?
Were they here this morning?

What/where/when/why/who/how + was/were + subjek (+ adverbia/adjektiva)

Where were you last Saturday?
Who was in the garden this morning?
How was Daria yesterday?
Why were they so happy last night?

Kalimat Negatif

Menggunakan did not / didn’t

Subjek + didn't + infinitive + objek

I didn’t see Daria yesterday.
Ahmad didn’t go to the party last night.
You didn’t work hard last Monday.
It didn’t rain heavily last night.
They didn’t get married in 2017.

Menggunakan was not(wasn’t) dan were not(weren’t)

Subjek + wasn't/weren't + ...

I wasn’t very well yesterday.
She wasn’t late last Monday.
You weren’t here last Friday.
The children weren’t noisy.

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